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Paralysis. Life.
Each day, some people wake up having to think about both.

That’s why, each day, Stoke Mandeville Spinal Research does the same, thinking long and hard about how we can make life livable for people with spinal cord injury. With new medical breakthroughs, technological innovation and social insight – and your generous support – we can do more to help people get on with life after paralysis.

View our video here

Why we do what we do

Life after paralysis.
Together, we make it easier

In the next 3-5 years SMSR will focus on funding research in the following areas, each of which affects the quality of life of people living with spinal cord injury:

  • Urinary Tract Infections and Pressure Ulcers
  • Neuropathic pain
  • Assistive technology primarily for upper limb function

We work closely with the National Spinal Injuries Centre and in other healthcare settings to help deliver the best research outcomes that will improve the quality of life for those living with spinal cord injury.

If you are interested in applying for funding from Stoke Mandeville Spinal Research in order to fulfil our research priorities listed above, please do get in touch with charlotte.minoprio@smsr.org.uk and we will share our application process with you.

A little bit of history

Founded in 2006, Stoke Mandeville Spinal Research is a national charity that promotes excellence and sustainability in applied clinical research into spinal cord injury. Motivated by the needs of people in the National Spinal Injuries Centre, our vision is to enable people with spinal cord injury to have life after paralysis without the setbacks of debilitating health complications.

Dr Ludwig Guttmann & the National Spinal Injuries Centre at Stoke Mandeville

Ludwig Guttmann first came across spinal cord injury when he was volunteering as a medic in Germany in 1917. He went on to study medicine in 1918, and by 1933 was considered the top neurosurgeon in Germany.

In early 1939, he left Germany because of the Nazi persecution of Jews, and was able to settle in Oxford, where he continued his research into spinal cord injury at the Radcliffe Infirmary.

In September 1943, the British government asked Dr Guttmann to establish the National Spinal Injuries Centre at Stoke Mandeville Hospital. When the centre opened on 1 February 1944, Guttmann was appointed Director (a position he held until 1966). He believed sport played a significant role in helping injured military personnel to build up physical strength and self-respect.

Guttmann went on to organise the first Stoke Mandeville Games for disabled personnel on 28 July 1948, the same day as the start of the London 1948 Summer Olympics. Dr. Guttmann used the term paraplegic games in order to encourage his patients to take part – which later became known as the Paralympics – and subsequently took the form of the parallel games to the Olympics, to include other disabilities.

Our credentials and governance

Stoke Mandeville Spinal Research is a member of the Association of Medical Research Charities (AMRC) and governed by a Board of Trustees that oversees our charitable aims. All the research we fund is peer reviewed by a Scientific Advisory Board. In addition we are a member of the Institute of Fundraising. The trustees meet regularly to discuss and review our reports and updates from our team. Our trustees work for SMSR voluntarily and provide a wealth of experience, support and advice to the charity.

Our trustees

Peter Apps

Peter has become a widely respected commentator on risk in all its forms, working with Thomson Reuters. Injured on an assignment in Sri Lanka, Peter became a tetraplegic, bringing new perspective to his life.

Amanda Martin

Amanda has over 25 years’ experience of fundraising, publishing and marketing for not-for-profit organisations in the UK and overseas. She currently manages major fundraising campaigns for Buckinghamshire Healthcare NHS Trust, alongside consultancy and voluntary work for other healthcare, research and membership organisations.

Richard Tolkien, Chair of Trustees

Richard Tolkien has worked in the financial sector for over 30 years, now acting as a non-executive director for two companies and an independent expert witness. His brother David had a spinal cord injury in 1982 and spent nine months rehabilitating at the NSIC. Richard’s passion for Stoke Mandeville Spinal Research continues to be motivated by the memory of his brother, who despite overcoming numerous health complications throughout his life, sadly passed away in 2014.

Mr Nigel Henderson

Mr Henderson is a co-opted member of Stoke Mandeville Spinal Research. He recently retried from his position as Clinical Director of the National Spinal Injuries Centre.

Jamie Polk

In 2000, Jamie had a diving accident that left him paralysed from the chest down. Following this life changing incident, Jamie decided work needed to be something that he really loved doing, so he left the city and set up his own art dealership – the Animal Art Fair. Jamie is a passionate supporter of SMSR and helps raise awareness of the vital work we do through our Ambassador programme.

Nigel Deacon, Honorary Secretary and Treasurer

Nigel worked in the healthcare sector for twenty-four years firstly as a senior executive in NHS finance and support services and subsequently as an independent management consultant undertaking a wide range of finance and transformation projects within the NHS and elsewhere. He is a Chartered Secretary with an interest in governance issues and is also a practicing accountant. We are delighted that Nigel has agreed to be our Honorary Treasurer as well as a Trustee.

Professor Rob Brownstone

We were delighted that Professor Robert Brownstone became a trustee of SMSR in 2017. Professor Brownstone works at UCL in the Sobell Department of Motor Neuroscience. Here, work in the lab aims to understand how motor circuits contribute to rehabilitation of movement in disease or injury. As movement is affected in many neurological conditions, his research program has widespread impact for the development of new strategies to improve movement in people with neurological disorders. He joined UCL from Dalhousie University in Canada, where he was a Professor in the Departments of Surgery (Neurosurgery) and Medical Neuroscience, and a neurosurgeon at the QEII Health Sciences Centre in Halifax, Nova Scotia.

Dr Tom Meagher

Dr Tom Meagher graduated from Cork University and trained as a radiologist in Oxford. He was appointed as consultant radiologist at Stoke Mandeville Hospital in 1991. The imaging of patients with Spinal Cord injury has been a major part of his career since his appointment to Stoke and he continues to work closely with the Spinal Injuries clinical team while at Stoke. He served as Clinical Director of the National Spinal Injuries Centre from 2003 to 2007. He also served as Director of research for the Trust.

Our team

James Cooper, Research Project Manager

James graduated from the University of Southampton in MSc Public Health Nutrition (2010). Since graduating he has worked in Dietetics and more recently in clinical research as a Research Support Manager at Oxford University Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust. James is excited to be joining the team as NIHR Research Manager for the PReSUTINEeB trial. This involves assessing the effectiveness of a new vaccine for the treatment of urinary tract infections. Those with paralysis are particularly prone to such infections due to damage to internal organs such as the bladder caused by spinal cord injury.

Dr Bethel Osuagwu, Masson Clinical Research Fellow

Bethel joins us from University of Glasgow having recently complete his PhD. He looks forward to joining SMSR and combining his engineering background with the latest cutting-edge rehabilitation techniques.

Charlotte Minoprio, Fundraising Manager (Part-Time)

Charlotte began her fundraising career at Macmillan Cancer Support, and has since worked for a range of different causes. She is passionate about working closely with supporters to ensure that every penny raised is maximised and appreciated.

Patricia Tweed, Communications Manager (Part-Time)

Patricia is a respected communications consultant whose extensive experience in the media and public relations industry spans more than 25 years’. Passionate about healthcare, Patricia has lead a number of successful patient advocacy campaigns for both corporate and not-for-profit healthcare organisations in both the UK and across Asia Pacific.

Emily Whicher, Research Therapist

Emily completed her Physiotherapy degree at Oxford Brookes University in 2008, during which time she spent time on clinical placement at the NSIC. Emily moved to Cardiff where she completed a wide range of specialties including intensive care and spinal rehabilitation. Emily worked at Welsh Spinal Cord Injury Rehabilitation Centre at Rookwood hospital for 1 year and then specialised in respiratory care for a number of years. Emily moved to NSIC in 2014 to work in spinal cord injuries. Since working at the NSIC Emily has managed a busy adult inpatient caseload and over the last year has worked with adults and children. Emily is excited to start the next chapter in her career in the field of research alongside her clinical work.

Ali Gibson, Corporate and Community Liaison Manager (part-time)

Ali sustained a spinal cord injury in 1996. She went on to study at the University of Nottingham and graduated in 2006 with a first class honours in Psychology. Ali is passionate about peer support and maximizing the outcomes of rehabilitation following spinal cord injury and other long-term neurological conditions. She has proven experience of academic and clinical research, clinical trial management, peer support, mentoring and public speaking. Having first-hand experience of living with the impact of spinal cord injury, Ali is committed to supporting research that aims to improve people’s quality of life following spinal cord injury. In her current position as Corporate & Community Liaison Officer for Stoke Mandeville Spinal Research (SMSR), she works closely with key stakeholders and in the community to raise awareness of living with spinal cord injury and to discuss the research that that is being undertaken by SMSR.

Our Ambassadors. Life with paralysis: unique stories

Here are some of the people who have experienced a major change in their life, adapted to it and made a success of it. Their stories are an inspiration to us, and hopefully to you.

Nick Hutton –
Nick was one of the founding Trustees of SMSR and has given unstinting support for our focus on quality of life research.

Nick Hutton

Here, Nick tells us in his unique way about the difference SMSR is making…

Bony Buns, Phantom Limbs, Snakes and Bladders: The Trials of Living and Working with Spinal Cord Injury.

Stoke Mandeville Spinal Research was founded in 2006 with the vision to enable people with spinal cord injury to have a life after paralysis, without the setbacks of debilitating health complications. Nick, a Copy Writer at TBWALondon, became a trustee of SMSR following his spinal cord injury 23 years ago. Here he candidly speaks of his experience and of the incredible work done by Stoke Mandeville Spinal Research. 

December 1994. There I was in intensive care; a ventilator shushing in my ear, a thousand questions racing through my mind.

I knew that a freshly broken neck meant I would never walk again. But what came was a surprise to me was the abrupt disconnect to my arms, hands, torso, skin sensation, lung function, bladder, bowels, nervous system, thermo-regulation and more.

Spinal Cord Injury is a highly complex condition, with the loss of mobility just one of a host of complications which can severely hamper quality-of-life.

It’s why I welcomed the invitation to become a trustee of Stoke Mandeville Spinal Research, a charity researching ways to improve life after paralysis.

Here are just some of the issues & research that they’ll be hoping to raise money and awareness for as the official charity partner of the European Neuro Convention.

And please forgive the occasional dark flippancy; it’s a coping strategy:


Being wheelchair-bound is infinitely more frustrating when you can’t even use the chair because of a pressure sore. With no movement or sensation below the waist, and with muscle mass wasting away, the sustained pressure of sitting on your bum can lead to skin breakdown. Spinal injuries units around the world are stuffed full of people who have had to come back for surgery on pressure sores.

SMSR is working with Liverpool University to trial new ‘shorts’ that deliver electro-stimulatoin to affected areas as a means of preventing pressure sores.


An estimated two-thirds of spinal cord injured live with neuropathic (chronic) pain. It’s nerve-ending pain, like when an amputee can still feel his or her missing limb, and though it is sometimes also referred to as phantom sensation, the pain is very real and very debilitating. Myself, I’ve been luck, but I have seen other spinal injuries utterly consumed by it.

SMSR is embarking on a new project which will harness global expertise to improve the measurement and control of pain


UTI stands for Urinary Tract Infections. Spinal Injuries are particularly prone to them because many of us use indwelling catheters [Yes, ouch!] Once infection takes hold, things get ugly in a hurry. I woke up one morning with wee the colour of sunset and a vague headache. I regained consciousness a week later, back in intensive care fighting sepsis. F-word you, UTI

SMSR is conducting a trial of a vaccine which has the potential to prevent persistent UTIs


Imagine how frustrating it is to be able to reach for your beer but lack the grip to pick it up. Many higher legion spinal injuries have bicep and tricep control but extremely limited finger dexterity, making day-to-day tasks difficult.

SMSR is trailing the SEM Glove which mimics hand function and enables individuals to grasp and pick things up


“You’re too young to be in a wheelchair!” a sceptical steward once told me at wheelchair ticket gate at Wimbledon.

If I’m too young, then spare a though for the children and teenagers who have suffered spinal cord injury. For their recovery and rehabilitation trajectory can be markedly different to adults. This is why SMSR is collaborating on a pan-European project to raise awareness and effectiveness of paediatric spinal cord injury treatment.

SMSR is at the heart of a European Study identifying the unique needs of young people with spinal cord injury.  This research and all our other projects are carried out with their future in mind. 

Their whole lives are ahead of them. Help us make it a long, productive and enjoyable one.

To find out more and make a donation visit www.lifeafterparalysis.com


Tell us about your #lifeafterparalysis story Donate today and help people like Nick
Jamie Polk – Director of Animal Art Fair
I am really excited that Stoke Mandeville Spinal Research is focusing more on the day to day impact of spinal cord injury

Jamie Polk

Jamie Polk

In 2000, I had a diving accident that has left me paralysed from the chest down. I decided work needed to be something that I love doing, so left the city and set up my own art dealership – the Animal Art Fair.

Urinary tract infections drive me up the wall. You can be as careful as you like but they still strike unexpectedly. That’s the difficulty. You cannot be sure, you cannot commit to things, and it really affects my business. Meetings have to be cancelled, clients are let down, artists get frustrated, and you cannot really give them the reason behind it.

I’m really excited that Stoke Mandeville Spinal Research is focusing more on the day-to-day impact of spinal cord injury. The sooner we can clear up UTIs, the sooner I can work on a level playing field.

Tell us about your #lifeafterparalysis story Donate today and help people like Jamie
Luke Delahunty – Invictus Games Athlete, 2016 & 2017
I think the work of SMSR fits very well with organisations that are researching a cure for SCI. We can't all just sit and wait for that; not that I ever did.


Luke Delahunty

In 1996 my motorbike collided with a tractor pulling an 18 tonne trailer that ran over my chest. I broke my T6-T8 vertebrae so am now paralysed below T6. I was a fit an active 24 year old who’d been working in the Royal Air Force for 8 years, losing use of my legs was one of the worst things imaginable to me. I spent the following 7 weeks in the Intensive Care Unit and I don’t have much recollection of that time, or of the accident itself.

I have now been working at the National Spinal Injuries Centre for 4 years. Since my injury I have continued to ski, scuba dive and cycle as well as abseiling and other activities. I have done a couple of charity cycle rides: London to Paris, and London to Amsterdam. I am probably most proud of having qualified as a scuba diving instructor subsequent to my injury.

It’s so important for people to get on with their life after injury and not to wait for a cure. There are many things that can affect your everyday quality of life. Things such as bladder care, bowel care and prevention of pressure ulcers; any of these three things, even individually, can stop an individual from being an active member of society and seriously affect self-esteem and psychological well being. Another important thing, which for me was always a priority, was to get back in to work. I wanted to be earning and feeling like I was contributing. To paraphrase Ludwig Guttmann, rehab isn’t over until you’re a taxpayer again.

Tell us about your #lifeafterparalysis story Donate today and help people like Luke
Nikki Emerson – Sales Manager, Premier League
For me, the priority is continuing to make sure that my wheelchair doesn’t stop me living my life as I want to live it


Nikki Emerson

In June 2008, I was involved in a car accident whilst driving back from my second year at university, in which I crushed my T10 to T12 vertebrae and became paralysed below the middle of my back. After a week in intensive care, I was transferred to Stoke Mandeville National Spinal Injuries Centre, where the nurses, physios and doctors taught me how to go back to living a ‘normal’ life, but now in a wheelchair.

I spent 10 weeks at the NSIC and then returned to Oxford to finish my degree. Whilst in hospital I watched the Beijing Paralympics and was in awe of the competitors I saw on screen, particularly the wheelchair track athletes. Therefore sport, which I had always participated in before my accident, became a huge part of my rehabilitation.

After graduating, I went on to represent Great Britain on the track, alongside working in Commercial Negotiations at the London 2012 Olympic Organising Committee. I proved to myself that being in a wheelchair didn’t stop me from achieving my goals – it actually pushed me to reach for even bigger ones.

I now work for a company called Tough Mudder which puts on big endurance events, running our commercial deals across Europe. This means lots of travel to our New York HQ, and around Europe which I find really easy with my wheelchair. However, travelling across London from Fulham to the City, where our London office is based, is far less easy!

I think it’s vital that SMSR continues to focus on issues affecting the quality of life for people with SCI. It’s all very well other foundations working to find a ‘cure’ for spinal cord injury, but in reality that is a long way off and is unlikely to be effective for someone who has been injured for a long time.

In addition, I really do feel that had I not broken my back and become a wheelchair user, I wouldn’t have had such incredible experiences, from traveling the world representing my country to working with incredible businesspeople.

For me then, the priority is continuing to make sure that my wheelchair doesn’t stop me living life as I want to live it – whether that be through prevention of pressure sores and infections or through improving technology. This is why I fully support the work of SMSR.

Tell us about your #lifeafterparalysis story Donate today and help people like Nikki
Kate Hunter – Para Dressage Rider
Changing the way people react to your disability is very important to me. I hope to encourage people to see beyond the injury and allow me, and others, to be 'normal'.


Kate Hunter

I began riding seriously at the age of 11 and was lucky enough to have been bought my first pony, with whom I competed in local show jumping and one day events. In March 2009, I entered my first season in British Eventing and began with promising results. On the 31st May 2009, I was approaching the final fence in a one day event when both my horse, and I, fell. I landed on my head and suffered a head and brain injury which, after many months in rehabilitation, left me unable to walk or talk and with left sided hemiplegia. After extensive rehabilitation I proudly represented Great Britain in Para Dressage in July 2013.

However, on the 18th December 2013, I was involved in a head on car accident. I suffered another bleed to my brain and lost the use of my arm among other more minor injuries. After weeks of physiotherapy, it was discovered that the three main nerves connecting my spinal cord to my arm; c5, 6 and 7 had become detached, and without surgery I would have no hope of recovery. In April 2014, I decided to undergo the six and a half hour operation in an attempt to regain some use. I am now working hard in my physiotherapy and rehabilitation in order to return to competitive riding.

The complications that come with an injury to the spinal cord are challenging, for me losing the function of my arm, make chasing my dreams of riding much  more difficult, but I will never give up. My motto throughout has been: ‘look forward, don’t dwell on the past, turn every negative into a positive, and never let your disability hold you back or determine who you are.’

Tell us about your #lifeafterparalysis story Donate today and help people like Kate